The planned village of Newcastleton that is locally titled "Copshawholm" was founded by Henry Scott the 3rd Duke of Buccleuch taking the place of the original village of Castleton in 1793 and described as a centre of development for flax, wool and cotton handloom weaving.
The Liddesdale Valley area that Newcastleton is built in is home to the Armstrong and Elliot clans. Sorbietrees was once the domain of the famous William Armstrong of Sorbietrees, "shot without challenge" by the Reverend Joseph Smith of Walton in April 1851.
In earlier times the Liddesdale valley was referred to as Border Reiver Country, known then as "The Debatable Land or Debated Land".
Nowadays Liddesdale and Newcastleton provide a more tranquil atmosphere and as well as the beautiful countryside it plays host to many events over the summer months, including the annual traditional Music Festival and our own unique Copshaw Common Riding held on the first weekend in July every year. The annual Holm Show, our local agricultural and produce show is held the last Saturday in August.